Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive Sleep Apnea is a common sleep disorder in which the upper airway is partially or completely blocked and this happens because the soft tissue situated at the back of the throat collapses. Many children and adults suffer from this condition and it can be treated with the help of specialist. It is a disorder which causes person to wake up several times during the entire night gasping for air. This is due to relaxation of muscle at the time of sleeping which interrupts the breathing of the person and causes the upper airway to collapse. This condition may lead to temporary or permanent injury of the brain, reduced muscle tone and excess soft tissue. The major health problems which a person suffers from includes lack of concentration or memory, morning headache, high blood pressure, insomnia, anxiety, increased urination, depression, loud snoring, extreme drowsiness and erectile dysfunction.
The Symptoms Of This Condition Include:
- Day time tiredness and excessive depression
- Inappropriate sleep timings
- Disturbed sleep
- Frequent arousals and gasping for air
- Personality change, depression and short temper
- Recurring daily activities and high blood pressure
- Difficulty in memorizing ad concentrating in daily activities
There are different types of treatment for obstructive sleep apnea which depends on the severity of the conditions. These include positional therapy, surgical treatment, oral appliances and positive pressure therapy. For treating moderate conditions, mandibular advance devices and tongue retaining devices can be used. Positioning the body in the correct position is also a treatment for this condition. But the most effective treatment for this condition is Continuous Positive Airway Pressure.
The Surgical Treatments For This Condition Include:
- Tonsillectomy– this treatment is generally carried on children suffering from this condition.
- Tracheotomy– in this treatment an incision is made by the surgeon on the lower neck of the person where a tube is placed. This provides an opening for the airway.
- Uvulopalatphharyngoplasty (UPPP) – this treatment is mostly recommended to person who has soft tissues of palate and uvula. In this treatment the tonsils is removed so that the pharynx walls can be tightened. This way the obstruction in the upper part of the airway is eliminated and it also reduces snoring.
- Hyoid Myotomy– in this treatment the airway is widened so that the base of the tongue can be pulled forward and this is carried along with UPPP and MMA ( maxillomandular advancement. This treatment has 90% success rate.
- Distraction Osteogenesis– it is a treatment which treats the airway obstruction in toddlers and neonates.
Diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea can be done by a certified sleep medicine physician who determines whether you are suffering from this condition or not. The first and most common step in the treatment of this condition is the use of nasal CPAP machine. Surgical treatment is also considered as adjusting this machine may be problematic. It is very important that an experienced and reliable plastic surgeon provides treatment for this condition to ensure effectiveness and safety. Surgical treatments are considered more practical and beneficial for the patients.